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Conservation Tips

Water is one of the most valuable resources in West Texas. It is our responsibility to use it wisely. In the event that Lubbock experienced a water shortage, a "Drought Contingency Plan" would be implemented which would strictly limit water usage by consumers. To prevent the need to implement this type of plan, Lubbock Water Utilities continues to evaluate water conservation strategies and is providing this brochure to its customers to suggest lawn-watering tips that conserve water. 

Use of these tips will help Lubbock Water Utilities continue to provide quality service for many years to come, and save you money.

  • Follow the Green Rule:

  • Know Your Grass Type:

  • Know Your Sprinkler:

  • Know Your Soil:

  • Know How Long To Water:

  • Know When To Water:

  • Consider Reducing Turf Area:

  • Consider Mulching Around Trees, Shrubs, and Flower Beds:


Water-Efficient Approach to Landscaping

  1.  Planning and Design

    Creating a water efficient landscape begins with a well-thought-out landscape design.  Sketch your yard with locations of existing structures, trees, shrubs, and grass areas.  Then consider the appearance, function, maintenance, water requirements, and budget.  Group the appropriate plants into high, moderate, and low watering zones.  Low watering zones are often placed at the edges of yards.  Vegetable gardens or turf areas are generally high water users and should be placed closer to the house.


  2.   Practical Turf Areas

    Grasses used for turf require more frequent watering and maintenance.  Carefully select grass according to its intended use, planting location, and maintenance requirements.  Bermuda grass is often used in our area because of its durability and drought resistance.  However, it doesn’t like shade.  Fescue will tolerate shade, but requires more water.  It will go dormant during the summer heat.  Another idea to consider is to simply reduce the size of lawns through the use of patios, decks, shrub beds, and groundcover.


  3.   Appropriate Plant Selection

    Use the appropriate plants and zone the landscape according to the water needs of the plants.  Trees, shrubs, and groundcovers should be selected based on their adaptability to our region’s soil and climate.  We have an abundance of beautiful native plants that are adapted to our area.  Most have lower water requirements, fewer pest problems, and less fertilizer needs than many, non-adapted, exotic plants brought from outside our area.  When in doubt, it is best to use Water-Wise plants from our local nurseries.


  4.  Improve Soil with Organic Matter

    To increase plant health and conserve water, till in approximately four inches of compost or suitable organic matter to the soil of shrubs, flowerbeds, and garden areas.  Ultimately, gardening success depends on proper attention to the type of soil in which plants are growing.  There is an old saying, “Be sure the roots have what they need, and the tops will take care of themselves.”


  5.   Use Mulches

    Mulch is a layer of nonliving material covering the soil surface around plants.  Mulches can be organic materials such as pine bark, wood chips, newspaper, or straw; or inorganic materials such as lava rock, gravel or permeable plastic, not sheet plastic.  Use mulch wherever possible.  A good, thick mulch reduces moisture evaporation from the soil.  Mulch also reduces weed growth, prevents soil compaction and moderates soil temperatures.


  6. Efficient Irrigation

    The goal of an irrigation system is to give plants a sufficient amount of water without waste.  By zoning an irrigation system, grass areas can be watered separately and more frequently than groundcovers, shrubs, and trees.  Both sprinkler and drip can be used to achieve water conservation.  Make sure permanent sprinkler heads are adjusted properly to avoid watering sidewalks and driveways.  With sprinkler heads adjust to spray large droplets of water instead of fine mist, which is more susceptible to evaporation and wind drift.  Water in the late evening or early morning.



  7. Maintenance

 An added benefit of xeriscaping is less maintenance.  A well designed landscape can decrease maintenance by as much as 50 percent through reduced mowing, once-a-year mulching, elimination of weak, non-adaptive plants, and more efficient watering techniques.